How to make sugar syrup
Lots of cocktail recipes call for sugar syrup, also known as simple syrup or gomme. It is used to add sweetness and volume with a smoother consistency than just sugar, and is easier to mix with the other ingredients in this form, especially when using a cocktail shaker.
While it might sound complicated, making your own sugar syrup is easy. Make as much or as little as you like – any leftover syrup can be stored in the fridge for a couple of months if you use a sealed container – but stick to the ratio of one part water to two parts sugar and you can’t fail.
You can also add extra ingredients to the pan along with the sugar to create a flavoured syrup. Try citrus peel, fresh ginger or rosemary. Once the sugar has dissolved, strain the syrup into a bottle and discard the flavouring.